5/05/2015 — Hasn’t erupted since the 12th Century — Japan’s Mt. Hakone “Gushing Steam” — Hot Springs Resorts shut down

UPDATE May 7, 2015:

Now steam is seen coming from multiple areas, and clearly the buildings around have now been evacuated.

May 7, 2015 – Live view of Mount Hakone shows multiple steam eruptions now taking place, as well as a full evacuation of the surrounding area.

Watch live on the webcam here:



May 4-5, 2015


“Gushing Steam” is reported to be venting throughout the Owakundani volcanic valley in Japan, about 40 miles West of Tokyo, and 23 miles East of Mount Fuji.

Japanese authorities have now cut public access to the regionally famous hot springs resorts of Hakone Japan, saying there is a possibility of eruption at Mount Hakone.

Mount Hakone has not had a major eruption in over 2,900 years, and the last noteworthy blast was about 700 years ago (in the 12th Century AD).

(thanks to viewer Mohamad Haziq on facebook for reporting this!)

hakone volcano close up
Above: Google Earth view of Mount Hakone in Japan, including the surrounding lake resorts which have now been closed due to ‘gushing steam’, which Japanese authorities are correctly assuming is related to excessive magma stresses, which could be the sign of a coming eruption.


From the Smithsonian Volcanism Program , Mount Hakone’s history (brief version):

“Hakone volcano is truncated by two overlapping calderas, the largest of which is 10 x 11 km wide. The calderas were formed as a result of two major explosive eruptions about 180,000 and 49,000-60,000 years ago.

Scenic Lake Ashi lies between the SW caldera wall and a half dozen post-caldera lava domes that were constructed along a SW-NE trend cutting through the center of the calderas.

Dome growth occurred progressively to the south, and the largest and youngest of these, Kami-yama, forms the high point of Hakone.

The calderas are breached to the east by the Haya-kawa canyon. A phreatic explosion about 3000 years ago was followed by collapse of the NW side of Kami-yama, damming the Haya-kawa valley and creating Lake Ashi.

The latest magmatic eruptive activity at Hakone about 2900 years ago produced a pyroclastic flow and a lava dome in the explosion crater, although phreatic eruptions took place as recently as the 12-13th centuries AD.

Seismic swarms have occurred at Hakone during the 20th century. Lake Ashi, along with major thermal areas in the caldera, forms a popular resort area SW of Tokyo.

hakone volcano close up a
Above: Location of Mount Hakone in relation to Mount Fuji (23 miles), and Downtown Tokyo (45 miles).



 “Tokyo, May 4 (Jiji Press)–The Japanese Meteorological Agency said Monday that steam is gushing at the Owakudani volcanic valley in the Hakone hot spring resort area in Kanagawa Prefecture, south of Tokyo.

   The agency confirmed that the steam burst had been continuing since Sunday at a hot spring facility at the valley in the town of Hakone in its joint on-site survey with the Hot Springs Research Institute of Kanagawa Prefecture, it said.

   On Monday, the town shut down the Owakudani nature trail and part of hiking courses.

   While the agency keeps its volcanic alert at the lowest, normal level, it notes that steam may suddenly erupt at Okakudani as slightly increasing volcanic activities are believed to be making hot water unstable in the shallow underground, officials said.

   Many volcanic temblors have been measured since April 26 there, according to the officials.


Lake Ashi in Hakone, with Mount Fuji visible in the background. Japan’s meteorological agency on Tuesday issued a warning to limit access to the popular hot spring resort after a nearby volcano became active and began belching steaming gas



“TOKYO (AFP) – Japan’s meteorological agency on Tuesday issued a warning to limit access to the popular hot springs resort of Hakone after a nearby volcano became active and began belching steaming gas.

Two minor quakes measuring magnitude 2.0 and 2.4 were recorded Tuesday morning at the volcano, southwest of Tokyo, the agency reported.

“Activity at Hakone… is in a state of uncertainty,” the agency said in an advisory.

“There is a possibility that a minor eruption may suddenly occur,” it said. “Please do not enter dangerous zones.”

The warning, which comes in the middle of the nation’s “Golden Week” spring holidays, was expected to affect tourism there as some 20 million people, including foreign tourists, visit Hakone, one of the most famous hot spring resorts in Japan, every year.

The agency issues restraint advisories when a volcano becomes sufficiently active to spew lava, ash, hot steam and toxic gas as well as rocks and ash.

Japan sits on the Pacific “Ring of Fire”, where earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are relatively commonplace.

Last September, a volcano violently erupted in Mount Ontake, central Japan, leaving 57 people dead and six others still missing in the nation’s deadliest eruption for almost 90 years.”